These are infections occurring in patients after a surgery. Overall they are rare. Infections occurring after surgery and especially in presence of a device ( new joint, pace maker leads, artificial valves, clips, etc ) pose a unique problem in diagnosing exact type of microorganisms and also require a different treatment approach. An infectious diseases consultant is extensively trained to manage these rare infections.
It is important to understand that one should not go on treating these cases without ascertaining the exact bugs causing problem. Resistant and rare bugs are likely in these cases. Treatment is often prolonged and side effect of higher antimicrobial agents needs to be monitored. Patients suffering from these conditions must take consultation from infectious diseases specialist.